Importance of prototyping in software development

Importance of Software Prototyping

Is prototyping important in software development?

YES, it is. It completes the incomplete versions of the software applications. It allows you to test manufacturing features, product features, and even the user experience that too before the full production takes place. The information collected by testing will be crucial as it will help make changes if needed and make it a perfect product to launch. 

Prototyping is developed before implementation, then basic requirements are added to it and the prototype is reviewed and approved by the company. If there are many changes to be done the whole prototype is discarded and a new one is built.

There are four types of prototyping that will help you out, they are as follows:

1)Evolutionary prototyping

In evolutionary prototyping when the client gives feedback, then additional prototypes are produced with more functionality and improvement until the final product is ready. In this prototyping, the developer takes the best-understood requirements at priority compared to other types of prototypes.

Evolutionary prototyping can make changes throughout the life cycle of the software model as per the updates or requirements. Evolutionary prototyping is commonly known as breadboard prototyping.

2)Incremental prototyping

Incremental prototyping has many modules in it which are loosely connected. They build parallel small separate prototypes which work together and form consistency in terminology, behaviour, and look.

Due to the separate prototypes, it is difficult to emerge all of them and have the same feel and look. The designers should have certain things planned to keep the flow going with the same amount of uniformity.

3)Rapid prototyping

As the name suggests, this prototyping is quick and focuses more on adaptiveness than planning. The main is not the final product it is to use some technology or platform and test it out. It is mostly for the short term. It goes through immense feedback and modifications till the developers are satisfied.

Rapid prototyping is also known as rapid application development as it is an adaptive prototype in software development. Rapid prototyping is also known as throwing prototyping.

4)Extreme prototyping

Extreme prototyping reduces cost. When there are a lot of changes in the software the cost increases, but once the client knows what he wants it’s easy to modify the changes using extreme prototyping. This prototype provides a better user experience while giving feedback or suggestions. This prevents miscommunications and misunderstandings between the user and the company. The development improves the interaction process and the final product has a better tangible and intangible quality which gives a good feel of performance and look which users want.

In extreme prototyping, it has three basic steps

● Using HTML it develops the basic prototype.

● Using the service layers data is stimulated in the prototype.

● Implemented and integrated services into the final prototype.

Benefits of Prototyping

  • The major benefit of prototyping is that it decreases the program size and programmer effort by 40%, according to the experiments of Dr. Barry Boehm. 
  • It is successfully used to test complex algorithms and understand the system requirements. 
  • Prototyping simplifies software designs and improves the user interface. Rapid prototyping is the one that is used the most.
  • Prototyping is the pre-production, which helps to build different aspects of the software. While prototyping maintenance of the code is done and not only the formal documentation of the code. 
  • It is to train the programmers, and when the specifications of prototypes are written down then the code starts.
  • The prototype produces running software. The production and development team develops the working software. Without the running software, you can build the working software.
  • The prototypes spot the technical weak spots while determining the demonstration of the software with technology.
  • Process or a mechanism to transfer design, to the engineer and then to the developer works efficiently. 
  • It gives analysis and keeps evolving according to the system requirements.
  • provides creative inputs and develops forward-looking systems. 
  • Prototypes help to meet the time schedules to match the production version. It does address problems easily. Early customer interaction is possible through prototypes. 
  • Make the software cost-effective, as one can analyze the risks and loopholes during the prototyping phase itself.
  • Reduces the time to build the software. Since prototyping It the best way to get feedback and forward proceeding it gives the developer a scope to make the required changes at the initial stage of development itself.
  • Prototyping makes the communication between the client and developer much effective and easier. It is proved to be very effective in building a better understanding and trust between the client and the developer.


30% to 40% of systems will change without the need for prototyping, but to develop the proper software you need to use prototyping in software development. It makes the process simple by understanding the requirements and ensures the maximum level of customer satisfaction. It is one of the ideal things for the online system. From the concept to the creation prototype will help thoroughly.

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